Probiotics Utilization in Feed to Increase Hepatosomatics Value Index (HSI) and Gonado Somatic Index (GSI) in Catfish (Clarias sp.) Broodstock

  • Pungky Slamet Wisnu Kusuma Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Science, Adi Buana PGRI University, Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia
  • Dyah Hariani Department of Biology, Faculty of of Mathematics and Science, State University of Surabaya
  • Mohamad Fadjar Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, University of Brawijaya,
Keywords: Catfish, Gonadosomatic Index, Hepatosomatic Index, Probiotics

Abstract

Probiotics have a positive influence on fish by improving the microorganism balance in the digestive tract, greatly assisting the process of food absorption. The contribution of probiotics to an increase in follicle growth phase is indicated by an increase in the Gonadosomatic Index (GSI) value. Histological observation of ovaries in zebrafish treated with probiotics showed an increase in follicle vitellogenin; there was a corresponding increase in Hepatosomatic Index (HSI). This study determines the effect of probiotics in the feed on increasing HSI and GSI in male and female catfish (Clarias sp.) broodstock. Four treatments (without probiotics, and with 5, 10, and 15 ml probiotics) were repeated three times. The parameters observed were an increase in HSI and GSI of catfish broodstock. The results showed that there was a significant increase (p<0.05) in the HSI and GSI of catfish broodstock. Extra doses of 5 ml probiotics in the feed were optimal for increasing HSI and GSI of catfish broodstock (male and female) compared to the addition of 10 and 15 ml probiotics to the catfish food.

 

Published
2018-12-14
How to Cite
Kusuma, P., Hariani, D. and Fadjar, M. (2018) “Probiotics Utilization in Feed to Increase Hepatosomatics Value Index (HSI) and Gonado Somatic Index (GSI) in Catfish (Clarias sp.) Broodstock”, Plant and Animal Research Journal, 1(3), pp. 62-67. Available at: http://parjournal.com/index.php/parjournal/article/view/29 (Accessed: 27March2019).